Part of good probation field supervision is ensuring that offenders have the opportunity to rehabilitate themselves. Rehabilitation is a long-term strategy of enhancing public safety by preventing future crimes. Because the offenders must eventually function on their own in the community, there is an emphasis on helping them find appropriate treatment services in the local area. During FY03, there were 32,194 referrals made in areas of substance abuse, educational needs, sex offender issues, employment needs, family violence issues, and others.
Legislation requires all probationers to submit to evaluations and testing relating to rehabilitation and participate in and successfully complete rehabilitative programming as directed by the department. This gives probation officers another tool for changing probationers behavior.
To address the special needs of substance abusers, Probation operates several units which provide intense programming for both addiction and life skills issues.
provides individual and group counseling, drug and alcohol testing, and aftercare support for those offenders who have returned from residential substance abuse treatment. SSU serves the Atlanta Circuit.
is a joint project involving the Georgia Department of Corrections, the State Board of Pardons and Paroles, the Savannah Police Department, the Georgia Department of Labor, the Department of Juvenile Justice, and others. Staff from each of these agencies work closely together to ensure close supervision of high-risk offenders. The program provides surveillance and intense rehabilitative programming such as substance abuse counseling and treatment, individual and family counseling, Reasoning and Rehabilitation classes and Moral Reconation Therapy to change cognitive behavior, GED and other academic education, anger management, and employment training.
There are 15 Day Reporting Centers (DRCs) currently in operation throughout the State. Day Reporting Centers provide intensive substance abuse treatment for up to 100 offenders sentenced by the Courts or who have not responded to more traditional supervision and treatment efforts. Failure at a DRC results in revocation proceedings against the offender. Although the cost is more than field probation, a DRC it is only a fraction of the cost of providing a residential alternative. See further materials here.
There are 13 DRC Lites, similar in concept to the Day Reporting Centers (DRC). DRC Lites bring enhanced supervision and programming (for identified substance abuse offenders) and often under resourced rural circuits. See further materials here.
Other rehabilitative services in the probation offices are offered through Risk Reduction Services.