Probation is the most frequently used sentencing option in Georgia. Currently, there are more than 150,000 probationers assigned to the following types of supervision:
Each of the 49 state judicial circuits has at least one and sometimes several probation offices. Overall, there are 113 offices throughout the state of Georgia.
The cost of probation supervision varies based on the type of supervision being provided. Standard probation supervision costs $1.43 per probationer per day, while Intensive or Specialized Probation Supervision costs $3.46 per probationer per day.
The Statewide Probation Act of 1956 created probation as a statutory alternative to incarceration. Originally, this Act was interpreted to require one officer in every judicial circuit to assist the judge. Now Probation is recognized as a critical component of the correctional system. . more
In FY 2008, the probation population was 148,629 probationers under supervision. The most common crime type was drug related offenses (that includes possession, sale, distribution, manufacture and trafficking, with 54,250 cases. Property crimes were a close second totally 51,378 offenses. . more
Part of good probation field supervision is ensuring that offenders have the opportunity to rehabilitate themselves. Rehabilitation is a long-term strategy of enhancing public safety by preventing future crimes. Because the offenders must eventually function on their own in the community, there is an emphasis on helping them find appropriate treatment services in the local area. During FY03, there were 32,194 referrals made in areas of substance abuse, educational needs, sex offender issues, employment needs, family violence issues, and others. more
Georgia is a participant in the national Interstate Compact. In short, the compact allows offenders convicted in one state to be supervised in another state to facilitate employment or family support. As of the end of the fiscal year, there were more than 4,000 Georgian probationers being supervised in other states and approximately 2,891 probationers from other states being supervised in Georgia. more
There are 13 Day Reporting Centers (DRCs) currently in operation throughout the state. Day Reporting Centers provide intensive substance abuse treatment for up to 100 offenders sentenced by the Courts or who have not responded to more traditional supervision and treatment efforts. Failure at a DRC results in revocation proceedings against the offender. Although the cost is more than field probation, a DRC it is only a fraction of the cost of providing a residential alternative. more
The Department will also work with local communities statewide to develop several new Community Impact Programs (CIPs). These programs are modeled after the existing Savannah Impact Program, which has a focus supervising on high risk offenders. Based in the local probation office, the CIP program is designed to assist with the offender’s return to society by providing drug treatment and counseling. It also leverages collaboration with other law local enforcement agencies, such as the police and parole, to “shadow” current and ex-offenders through the reentry phase. In 2010, these programs will be offered through probation offices located in Columbus, Augusta, Atlanta, DeKalb and Cobb counties, and other counties throughout Georgia.
The Probation Management Act allows Probation Operations to impose "administrative sanctions" as an alternative to judicial revocation.